You can associate sports with basketball, baseball, and football. You may picture intense workouts at the gym when you hear Fitness. These activities may not be possible for someone with a bleeding disorder.

When you hear the terms sports and Fitness, think about how physical activity through safe activities and exercises can strengthen your musculoskeletal and help to reduce excess weight. You’ll feel more comfortable in your joints and less likely to experience bleeds or pain.

According to a Center for Disease Control and Prevention study, being overweight is strongly linked with a restricted joint range of motion. This was true regardless of how severe the bleeding disorder was. It’s not about being fat. Are you tired from just climbing up the stairs? Does it feel like your walk down the hall is getting longer each time you go?

These are just a few benefits of staying physically fit

It can increase your energy levels.

It can improve your mood and attitude.

It aids your body in adapting to routine activities, even those that may cause bleeding or other complications. This is especially important for joints and muscles that are weak from lack of movement.

Current fitness level and your goals

Do not compare yourself with others. It’s about you, not your peers.

How comfortable do you feel with physical activity? You can’t go faster than 55 mph, just like a car. You will need to move through the gears. You have to start from zero and progress at your own pace. You will get there! Are there limitations? A candid assessment of your fitness level can help you achieve your goals faster.

What are you looking to achieve by getting active? You can make a list. Is your goal to improve your overall health? Are you looking for a specific event (such as a Hemophilia walk)? You might want to have fun with friends, or do you want to participate in a particular event (like a Hemophilia Walk)? Like other areas of life, setting goals (in this case, fitness goals) can give you something to strive for. You can also create a plan and track your progress to know when your goal has been achieved.

Before you start, discuss your sports and fitness ideas with the Hemophilia Treatment Centers (H.T.C.).

You’ve probably heard it all: “Speak with your doctor before you start any exercise program or fitness regimen.” This is excellent advice. Talk to your treatment team before starting a new sport or exercising. You will likely have met with your bleeding disorder treatment group before, so they already know you well. They will have access to your medical records, including information on bleeding episodes, and will determine your baseline. From there, they will track your progress.

Your H.T.C. team can:

Talk about activities that can help, but not hurt, your body.

Discuss ways you can modify the activities that you are doing to reduce the chance of injury or bleeding.

You can review your prophylaxis or infusion regimen to see if it needs to be adjusted to accommodate your increased activity.

If you get hurt or bleeding, we can help you make adjustments.

Advocate for yourself. They can speak with coaches, teachers, and other medical personnel to promote physical activity and prevent injuries.

The chances of getting a bleeding problem are reduced by treating the area before and after a specific activity.

Although you can treat the problem prophylactically, bleeding from injury or overuse can still occur.

Your treatment team will discuss when to treat you based on whether you are on a prophylactic regimen or treatment before your activity.

The best time to return to work is right after your treatment. You may want to treat after the activity, depending on any incidents.

Do not suffer from injuries.

Every injury needs to heal properly. You could suffer from long-term or permanent joint and tissue damage if you don’t let your body heal properly.

Use the R.I.C.E. Protocol (Rest. Ice. Compress. and Elevate).

Discuss your treatment options with your team to determine when you can continue certain activities.


You’ve decided to become active. Now what?

You may have heard that you cannot do certain activities for much of your life. The risk of injury and bleeding depends on the move. These risks will help you make the best decisions about which physical activities you choose. You might decide to forgo contact sports like hockey or football because of the high risk of neck and neck injuries. This could also make it difficult to enjoy your social life.

It is essential to consider your body type, past bleeding history, and condition. There is no one-size fits all solution. Talk to your hematologist or physical therapist before you start any activity. They will discuss all details with you.

Moderate aerobic exercise for 30 minutes daily will provide better long-term results than exercising more often than once a week. It may be a simple exercise like walking, biking, and Pilates. You’ll be more likely to continue the activity if it is enjoyable. Take into account how different actions impact different parts of your body. Do you have core muscles? (abdominals and lower back, hips, pelvis, and hips) You can improve your balance, strength, stability, and body control, leading to fewer bleeds and better control. It would help if you prepared for your workouts properly pre-and post-treatment.

Here are some steps you can take to reduce the chance of bleeding or injury

Discuss how to reduce the risk of bleeding disorder and what to do in the event of an injury or bleeding.

Proper pre and post-treatment are essential to ensure that you have the highest level of clotting factor during your participation.

Conditioning. You can improve your performance by identifying the problem areas in your chosen sport. This is possible by:

Stretching. Stretching is a part of conditioning. It makes your muscles flexible and allows your joints more freedom.

Strengthening. Conditioning that improves muscle strength and joint support.

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